Series Mag 36.1.zip [PORTABLE]
The Stonewall riots were a series of spontaneous, violent protests by members of the gay community against a police raid that took place in the early morning hours of June 28, 1969, at the Stonewall Inn in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Lower Manhattan. They are widely considered to constitute the single most important event leading to the gay liberation movement and the modern fight for LGBT rights. Wayne R. Dynes, author of the Encyclopedia of Homosexuality, wrote that drag queens were the only "transgender folks around" during the June 1969 Stonewall riots. The transgender community in New York City played a significant role in fighting for LGBT equality during the period of the Stonewall riots and thereafter.
Series Mag 36.1.zip
Algorithms have been developed that utilize inter-individual synchronicity of changes of the brain state over time to align fMRI data from individual brains into a group space based on functional connectivity patterns11 and BOLD time-series correlation12. Haxby and colleagues were able to demonstrate that temporally synchronous patterns can be used to transform brain response patterns of individual brains into a high-dimensional representational space with common dimensions for all brains13. This technique enables group analyses of distributed activation patterns at the same level of detail and accuracy as the analysis of idiosyncratic patterns of an individual brain. Uniformly, these studies find that deriving inter-individual alignment from fMRI data recorded while participants watch movies yields transformations that are of greater general validity when tested on data from controlled experiments. This is further evidence that movies elicit brain response patterns and dynamics that are representative for naturally occurring neuronal processes.
However, as it becomes increasingly difficult to identify functionally corresponding voxels across brains at high spatial resolution, we did not only assess pattern similarity using voxel-wise time-series correlations of anatomically aligned data. Instead, we employed representational similarity analysis (RSA)33 to identify 2nd-order isomorphisms in the response patterns across brains. The premise of RSA is that any two segments of the audio movie which elicit similar neural signal patterns in one brain also elicit similar patterns in another brain; whereas two segments, which lead to distinct patterns in one brain, also evoke dissimilar patterns in another brain.
Area of maximum inter-individual response similarity. (a) Representative slices of the group EPI template depicting the 95% percentile of univariate inter-brain time-series correlations for linear (blue) and non-linear (yellow) alignment in the group EPI template space. (b) Distribution of percent ranks of mean inter-brain correlations on the cortical surface. The statistical map is thresholded at percent rank=50%. The colored outlines depict the 99% percentile for linear (blue) and non-linear (green) alignment. (c) Analog to panel B, depicting the distribution of multivariate 2nd-order pattern consistency. Projection onto the surface was performed using Caret 5.64 with the PALS-B12 atlas40.
AS11-37-5460 (OF300) ( 55k or 550k ) Buzz starts several redundant post-EVA pans to the left and right out of his window. Note that now, several hours after the landing, the LM shadow is noticeably shorter than in the same view from the pre-EVA panorama. Buzz may have made the footprints on the near rim of the double crater at the time he took his plus-Z pan AS11-37-5461 (OF300) ( 61k or 584k ) Buzz moved slightly to his right to take this picture which, otherwise is similar to 5460. AS11-37-5462 (OF300) ( 60k or 600k ) Buzz moved slightly to his left before taking another view similar to 5460. AS11-37-5463 (OF300) ( 59k or 605k ) Buzz moved farther to his right to take this down-Sun. AS11-37-5464 (OF300) ( 82k or 778k ) View to the right of 5463. Footprints are visible to the lower right. AS11-37-5465 (OF300) ( 107k or 910k ) Rightward of 5464. View of lunar surface after EVA completion with the LM and US flag shadow. Numerous footprints are visible. AS11-37-5466 (OF300) ( 134k or 1050k ) Rightward of 5465. View of lunar surface after EVA completion with the US flag. AS11-37-5467 (OF300) ( 163k or 1223k ) Rightward of 5466. View of lunar surface after EVA completion with the US flag and TV camera. Note the difference between the darker, heavily disturbed soil around the camera, and the undisturbed light soil where Neil and Buzz didn't set foot. See also the routes on the Traverse Map and compare to the same area prior to the EVA. Thomas Schwagmeier has provided a comparison between 5467 and a DAC frame taken prior to launch, showing the change in orientation due to the RCS hot-fire check. AS11-37-5468 (OF300) ( 172k or 1252k ) View out Buzz's window over the thrusters after the EVA. Scan courtesy NASA Johnson. 5468/9 Mini Pan ( 2.6Mb ) Assembled by David Harland. AS11-37-5469 (OF300) ( 117k or 914k ) Rightward of 5468. Scan courtesy NASA Johnson. AS11-37-5470 (OF300) ( 152k or 1125k ) View of lunar soil below Buzz's window after EVA completion with a part of the flag and the TV camera visible. AS11-37-5471 (OF300) ( 203k or 1416k ) Similar to AS11-37-5470, a little higher with clear footprints around the LM and the flag. The thin, black shadow that is cast onto the surface directly beneath the center RCS thruster in the foreground originates from the solar wind collector staff, now bereft of its foil. AS11-37-5472 (OF300) ( 232k or 1630k ) Similar to AS11-37-5470, with entire flag and camera. AS11-37-5473 (OF300) ( 219k or 1560k ) Left of 5472. AS11-37-5474 (OF300) ( 141k or 1100k ) Left of 5473. View of lunar soil after EVA completion with LM and flag shadow. AS11-37-5475 (OF300) ( 76k or 687k ) The black shadow of the LM is silhouetted against the Moon's surface in this photograph taken from inside the lunar module. Impressions in the lunar soil made by the lunar boots of the two astronauts are clearly visible. Note that Buzz moved to his right to get the entire shadow in the field-of-view. AS11-37-5476 (OF300) ( 54k or 531k ) Similar to AS11-37-5475, slightly on the left. AS11-37-5477 (OF300) ( 67k or 682k ) Similar to AS11-37-5476 but aimed higher to include the horizon. Before and After the EVA, Animated GIF ( 0.3 Mb or 2.7 Mb ) This comparison shows the change in shadow length between about 104:00, when 5454 was taken, and 112:21, when 5477 was taken. The first of the two photos was taken at about 21hr 32m on 20 July 1969 UTC/GMT; and the second at about 5hr 43m on 21 July. The solar elevations were 10.9 and 15.1 degrees at the two times, respectively. The LM, from the bottom of the footpads the the top edge of the rendezvous radar, is 7.04 meters tall, so the shadow lengths on level ground would have been 37 meters and 26 meters at the two times, respectively. For reference, the western member of the crater doublet has a diameter of about 12 meters. Animated GIF by Yuri Krasilnikov. AS11-37-5478 (OF300) ( 85k or 795k ) Same as AS11-37-5475, slightly on the right. The flag shadow appears near a boulder. AS11-37-5479 (OF300) ( 139k or 1178k ) View of lunar surface after EVA completion with the flag and its shadow, rightward of 5478 AS11-37-5480 (OF300) ( 155k or 1159k ) This post-EVA photo out Buzz's window shows the U.S. flag, the TV camera, and the cluster of boulders beyond which were probably ejected from West Crater. Note the raised rim on the fresh, young crater in the middle distance beyond and to the right of the TV camera. Note, also, the cable running from the MESA to the TV camera. Scans courtesy NASA Johnson. AS11-37-5481 (OF300) ( 182k or 1364k ) Rightward from AS11-37-5480. AS11-37-5482 (OF300) ( 220k or 1740k ) Same as AS11-37-5480. AS11-37-5483 (OF300) ( 213k or 1654k ) Same as AS11-37-5480, a little to the left. AS11-37-5484 (OF300) ( 166k or 1418k ) Same as AS11-37-5479. AS11-37-5485 (OF300) ( 87k or 808k ) Same as AS11-37-5478. AS11-37-5486 (OF300) ( 65k or 682k ) Same as AS11-37-5475. AS11-37-5487 (OF300) ( 48k or 547k ) Same as AS11-37-5475, partially hidden. AS11-37-5488 (OF300) ( 55k or 612k ) Same as AS11-37-5475. AS11-37-5489 (OF300) ( 70k or 743k ) Same as AS11-37-5475. AS11-37-5490 (OF300) ( 77k or 789k ) View to the WNW out Buzz's window after the EVA. Scans courtesy NASA Johnson. AS11-37-5491 (OF300) ( 137k or 1234k ) Same as AS11-37-5479. AS11-37-5492 (OF300) ( 61k or 731k ) Same as AS11-37-5475. AS11-37-5493 (OF300) ( 67k or 772k ) Same as AS11-37-5475. AS11-37-5494 (OF300) ( 84k or 937k ) Same as AS11-37-5475, with the flag shadow. AS11-37-5495 (OF300) ( 132k or 1752k ) View of lunar surface after EVA completion with the flag and the TV camera. AS11-37-5496 (OF300) ( 55k or 619k ) Buzz has handed the camera over to Neil, who now starts to document the post-EVA surface over on his side with a view to the West. The dark diffuse field in the center of the photo is an LPD marker in Neil's window. AS11-37-5497 (OF300) ( 136k or 1269k ) View of lunar surface after EVA completion. The younger member of the double crater is at the lower right and the older member is at the lower left. AS11-37-5498 (OF300) ( 146k or 1152k ) View of lunar surface after EVA completion. The LRRR appears just to the right of the thruster and the upper part of the seismometer antenna sticks up beyond the top of the thruster bell. AS11-37-5499 (OF300) ( 97k or 793k ) Similar to AS11-37-5498. More of the PSEP (Passive Seismic Experiment Package) appears just over the thruster. AS11-37-5500 (OF300) ( 152k or 1232k ) Same as AS11-37-5497. AS11-37-5501 (OF300) ( 86k or 885k ) View of lunar surface after EVA completion, right of AS11-37-5500. The younger component of the double crater fills the near field. AS11-37-5502 (OF300) ( 70k or 666k ) View of lunar surface after EVA completion, right of AS11-37-5501. AS11-37-5503 (OF300) ( 184k or 1302k ) Same as AS11-37-5500, but clearer. AS11-37-5504 (OF300) ( 178k or 1263k ) Same as AS11-37-5499. AS11-37-5505 (OF300) ( 151k or 980k ) The black shadow of the LM is silhouetted against the Moon's surface in this photograph taken out Neil's window. Impressions in the lunar soil made by the lunar boots of the two astronauts are clearly visible. Journal Contributor AwE130 has provided an enhanced detail which shows the Contingency Sample Collector (CSC) ring, which had been previously identified in EVA photo AS11-40-5864 by the Eric Jones. In the 5505 detail, we see a light-colored ""stem" on the outside of the ring which, as is suggested by the comparison with pre-flight photo S68-54939, fit in the Sampler handle to secure the ring in place. Journal Contributor Karl Dodenhoff has provided a photo of a CSC on display at the Kennedy Space Center. The base of the stem is marked. See also, procedures for CSC use from the Apollo 11 Final Lunar Surface Procedures volume, in which we learn that the "ring" was part of the "lip/bag assembly". AwE130 notes that the ring can also be seen in post-EVA photos AS11-39-5798-5800 and in EVA photo AS11-40-5871. Note that, because this image was taken out Neil's window, we now realize that that the ring flew a few meters from the spot near the MESA, on the other side of the spacecraft, where we see Neil tossing the ring in 16-mm film shot out Buzz's window. See a discussion following 109:36:07 AS11-37-5506 (OF300) ( 20k or 236k ) View of earth from the lunar surface taken through the rendezvous window over Neil's head. AS11-37-5507 (OF300) ( 19k or 261k ) Unsuccessful attempt to photograph the earth from the rendezvous window. AS11-37-5508 (OF300) ( 19k or 224k ) Same as AS11-37-5507. AS11-37-5509 (OF300) ( 18k or 238k ) Same as AS11-37-5507. AS11-37-5510 (OF300) ( 58k or 626k ) Neil has handed the camera back to Buzz, who is again shooting through his window. LM black shadow silhouetted against the Moon's surface. Frames 5510 to 5517 have been assembled into a panorama. AS11-37-5511 (OF300) ( 119k or 1040k ) View of the US flag from LM. AS11-37-5512 (OF300) ( 145k or 1184k ) View of lunar surface from the LM, with the US flag and the TV camera. Boulders and a small crater in the background. AS11-37-5513 (OF300) ( 80k or 669k ) View of lunar surface from the LM with a thruster in the foreground and three quite nicely lined-up craters in the background. AS11-37-5514 (OF300) ( 74k or 645k ) Same as AS11-37-5513, a little to the right. AS11-37-5515 (OF300) ( 151k or 1124k ) View of the TV camera from LM with a LM thruster on the foreground. Four craters are visible on the right of the camera. AS11-37-5516 (OF300) ( 170k or 1288k ) The US flag, deployed on the surface of the Moon, dominates this photograph taken from inside the LM. The footprints are clearly visible around the flag. AS11-37-5517 (OF300) ( 167k or 1272k ) Same as AS11-37-5516. The boulders in the background beyond the TV camera are probably ejecta from West Crater. AS11-37-5518 (OF300) ( k or 378k ) Buzz has handed the camera back to Neil, who starts a series of photos over to his right through Buzz' window. Narrow view onto the lunar surface. AS11-37-5519 (OF300) ( 4943k or 420k ) Same as AS11-37-5518 with the top of the flag and part of the flag shadow. AS11-37-5520 (OF300) ( 46k or 386k ) View of lunar surface from LM, with a part of the flag and the TV camera. Some boulders and a small crater in the background. AS11-37-5521 (OF300) ( 34k or 757k ) Now it's Buzz' turn to shoot through Neil's window, over to the left. Partial view of lunar surface. AS11-37-5522 (OF300) ( 36k or 332k ) The camera is back with Neil, who is again shooting through Buzz' window to the right. View of lunar surface from LM, with the US flag shadow near a small boulder. AS11-37-5523 (OF300) ( 56k or 450k ) View of lunar surface from LM, with the US flag and a part of the TV camera. Note that, from Neil's side of the cabin, the horizon beyond the TV camera is cutoff by the top of Buzz's window. AS11-37-5524 (OF300) ( 48k or 415k ) View of lunar surface from LM, with a part of the flag and boulders in the background. AS11-37-5525 (OF300) ( 45k or 387k ) View of lunar surface from LM, with US flag shadow. AS11-37-5526 (OF300) ( 51k or 420k ) Neil has again handed the camera over to Buzz, who again is shooting to his left through Neil's window. Partial view of the lunar surface. The violet spot on the upper right of the window is the "eyepiece" of the COAS (Crewman Optical Alignment Sight). AS11-37-5527 (OF300) ( 40k or 351k ) Same as AS11-37-5526. The dark diffuse streak extending below the violet COAS eyepiece is the LPD ladder in Neil's window. AS11-37-5528 (OF300) ( 97k or 1656k ) Buzz took this picture of Neil in the cabin after the completion of the EVA. Neil has his helmet off but has not yet doffed his "Snoopy" cap. The circuit breaker panels are illuminated, and a small floodlight is on at the lower right. A circuit breaker chart has been fixed up on the wall with gray tape, below the rendezvous window in the cabin roof. Scans by Kipp Teague. AS11-37-5529 (OF300) ( 78k or 1753k ) The COAS can be seen silhouetted against the window behind Neil. Scans by Kipp Teague. AS11-37-5530 (OF300) ( 79k or 1528k ) Buzz has handed the camera back to Neil again who now attempts to portrait Buzz in the cabin. Washed out by the extremely bright light being reflected from the surface. The circuit breaker panel illumination on Buzz' side of the cabin is on, and just like Neil he is still wearing his Snoopy cap. Scans by Kipp Teague. AS11-37-5531 (OF300) ( 81k or 1513k ) Post-EVA photo of Buzz. Scan by Kipp Teague. AS11-37-5532 (OF300) ( 80k or 1695k ) Similar to AS11-37-5530. Buzz has turned his head and is looking out of the window. AS11-37-5533 (OF300) ( 83k or 1670k ) Portrait of Buzz, who is now left of his window. AS11-37-5534 (OF300) ( 89k or 1741k ) Post-EVA photo of Buzz. Note the 16-mm camera at the upper right. Scan and enhancement by Bob Farwell / Kipp Teague. AS11-37-5535 (OF300) ( 61k or 746k ) Neil has handed the camera once more back to Buzz, who continues the pans out of his window. US Flag and TV camera from Buzz's window with a LM thruster in the foreground. The focus is still set to a close range, hence we see the surface out of focus, but have a sharp view on the RCS quad in the foreground. AS11-37-5536 (OF300) ( 60k or 801k ) Similar to AS11-37-5535. AS11-37-5537 (OF300) ( 58k or 760k ) Similar to AS11-37-5535. AS11-37-5538 (OF300) ( 44k or 565k ) Similar to AS11-37-5535, a little higher. AS11-37-5539 (OF300) ( 40k or 485k ) Left of AS11-37-5538, still out of focus. AS11-37-5540 (OF300) ( 49k or 706k ) LM and US flag shadow on lunar surface from Buzz's window. AS11-37-5541 (OF300) ( 36k or 539k ) Similar to AS11-37-5540, a little to the left. AS11-37-5542 (OF300) ( 87k or 714k ) The TV camera on the lunar surface with a LM thruster in the foreground from Buzz's window. Buzz has noticed that the lens is set up wrong, and has eventually corrected the focus setting. AS11-37-5543 (OF300) ( 63k or 562k ) The lunar surface with a LM thruster in the foreground from Buzz's window. AS11-37-5544 (OF300) ( 131k or 923k ) The US flag, deployed on the surface of the Moon, dominates this photograph taken from inside the LM. The footprints are clearly visible around the flag. AS11-37-5545 (OF300) ( 169k or 1169k ) The US flag, deployed on the surface of the Moon, dominates this photograph taken from inside the LM. In the far background is the deployed black and white lunar surface television camera which televised the lunar surface extravehicular activity. The footprints are clearly visible around the flag and the camera. The shadow on the right of the flag just below the thruster comes from the SWC staff (solar wind collector). AS11-37-5546 (OF300) ( 112k or 854k ) Same as AS11-37-5545 with lunar horizon. Slightly stronger exposure settings than with similar shots before. AS11-37-5547 (OF300) ( 115k or 899k ) Same as AS11-37-5546, a little on the left. AS11-37-5548 (OF300) ( 135k or 975k ) The camera is once more back at Neil, who documents the surface experiments south of the LM. Two components of the EASEP are seen deployed. In the far background is the Passive Seismic Experiment Package(PSEP); and to the right and closer to the camera is the Laser Ranging Retro-Reflector (LR-3). A LM thruster appears on the foreground AS11-37-5549 (OF300) ( 131k or 951k ) Same as AS11-37-5548. In a labeled detail, Journal Contributor Vlad Pustynski has identified a boulder Neil examined at about 111:00:01 and then left the Gold Camera upright on it while he deployed the LRRR and took documentation photos. See AS11-40-5952, which shows the ALSCC upright on this boulder. Neil grabbed the ASLCC at the start of his run to Little West Crater and took it with him. AS11-37-5550 (OF300) ( 135k or 982k ) Same as AS11-37-5548. AS11-37-5551 (OF300) ( 169k or 1195k ) Similar to 5548 but aimed a bit lower. AS11-37-5552 (OF300) ( 139k or 986k ) Finally the camera is back with Buzz, who takes a last few shots of the US flag and the TV camera to the north of the LM. AS11-37-5553 (OF300) ( 159k or 1136k ) Same as AS11-37-5546. AS11-37-5554 (OF300) ( 184k or 1274k ) Same as AS11-37-5546. AS11-37-5555 (OF300) ( 165k or 1123k ) Same as AS11-37-5546. This concludes Magazine 37. Magazine 38/O (Color) Frames 5556-5689 041b061a72